Skin Care Basics

Wednesday, January 27, 2016


Today I thought I'd share the basics to skin care for anyone new to the skin care world and needing help on knowing what to do to take care of their skin. Looking back to when I was a teenager, I knew absolutely nothing when it came to skin care. All I really knew was to splash your face with water to clean it, but I didn't even do that. 

So let's break it down.

Everyone has a different skin type. Everyone is born with their own set of problems when it comes to their skin. Although, there are those lucky people who are just naturally born with clear skin and have zero problems when it comes to the skin on their face. Oily skin, dry skin, acne, dark circles, dry patches are just some of the issues. 

No matter what skin type you have you should always do the basics of skin care which are cleanse, exfoliate, tone, and moisturize. 


What it does:

Cleansing your face is basically just washing your face, but it is a very important step if you want to achieve better skin. Cleansing your face takes off the dirt, sweat, debris, excess sebum, cosmetics, dead skin cells, bacteria, and pollutants that comes in contact with your skin.


Some people truly believe that water alone is enough to cleanse your face. Using just water can not thoroughly get rid of all the dirt, sweat, debris, excess sebum, cosmetics, dead skin cells, bacteria, and pollutants your skin has gathered throughout the day. Invest in a good cleanser.


What it does:

Exfoliation get rids of the dry skin cells on the surface of your face. Dead skin cells cause dull skin, clogged pores, blemishes, bumps, and uneven skin tone, As we age, our skin's natural exfoliation process slows down. Exfoliating your face is big factor for achieving a smooth, youthful, and glowing appearance. Exfoliation helps those with oily skin, problematic skin, and those who deal with hyper pigmentation.


First, you should only exfoliate your face about twice a week. There are two types of exfoliants. There is a "chemical/acid" exfoliant that does the work for you. These are usually masks, peels, or serums. You apply it, leave it on, and it dissolves the dead skin cells. Then there is a "physical" exfoliant where you do the work. These are usually facial scrubs. So figure out which type of exfoliant works best for your skin.


What it does:

Toning your face gets rid of any remaining bits of oil, dirt, and debris. It helps soothe, nourish, hydrate, restores and repairs your skin's surface. It also helps prepare your skin for any creams or serums that follow. Using a toner is more of suggestion, it is not an absolute must like cleansing and exfoliating.


Try to stay away from toners that have alcohol in it because those can cause irritation. Try to find a toner with antioxidants and skin repairing substances.


What it does:

I am pretty sure everyone knows what moisturizing your face does. A good and effective moisturizer is not just about giving your skin moisture, but it should help repair and rejuvenate your skin.


If you decide to to get a moisturizer, look for one that has antioxidants and skin-repairing ingredients. Also, try to find a moisturizer that matches your skin type.

Quick Review:

- Cleansing is a must
- Exfoliating is a must
- Only exfoliate once or twice a week, do not over exfoliate
- Using a toner is a suggestion, it is up to you whether you think your skin will benefit from it

I hope this helped in some way :)